Victorian Children’s Toys and Games

Or, Talks with Slaves in the Southern States, the reformer James Redpath noted how fugitive slaves were helping those still trapped in the American South to find safe haven in Canada. In the next chapter, Redpath reprinted in the vernacular the tale of Charlie, first told to a Mrs. Charlie was a runaway who lived in the swamp before reaching Canada. Rather than a mere stop on the so-called Underground Railroad freedom network, he explained how the swamp, for entire generations, had been a final destination. In Virginia, many made their escape on the ships leaving Norfolk and other ports. Living off the wildlife and eventually trading with their allies, they shielded themselves from marauding militias by going where no militiaman would dare. The swamp and its slaves also feature in breathless 19th Century poems by Thomas Moore, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and others. To separate fact from fiction, in he decided to hack through a land of snakes, bears and sweat-drinking bees to see what was actually there.

Q&A With Flintlock Enthusiast Sean Williamson

Handy farm devices and how to make them. Orange Judd Company, Canada. Tools of their trades: An oral history of men at work c. Additional thoughts about grafting tools. Scythe anvils and scythe spellings.

The R.E. Davis Company is a retailer in historical reproductions and has been one of the leaders in manufacturing muzzleloading firearm components, including locks, .

Money raised goes to our Research and Publications Fund. Publications by the Essex Society for Archaeology and History ‘Transactions’ aka ‘Essex Archaeology and History’ Copies of the Society’s own annual publication are also available from our storeroom. Proceedings of the Chelmsford Conference. Volume 6 pages Obituary. Peter Joseph Huggins, Stan Newens … 1 Obituary. Kenneth James Neale, H Martin Stuchfield … 3 Life at the floodplain edge: Terminal Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic flint scatters and early prehistoric archaeology along the Beam River Valley: Trevor Ennis … The two burhs of Maldon, Essex, and their antecedents: Jeremy Haslam … Modelling Patronage: Gabriel Byng … Prittlewell Priory since


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The flintlock mechanism is a type of lock used on muskets, pistols, and rifles in the 17th, The gun flints were wrapped in a small piece of lead or leather An example dating from is in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum (German National Museum) in Nuremberg.

Usually worn around the neck 23 Fire lighting kit including flint and striker and tinder 24 Yard of match — the cord that burns to give fire to the gun 26 Worm — for clearing blockages 27 Ramrod 28 Bag of 20 caliver lead balls 29 Caliver – before Elizabeth I came to the throne in gunsmiths around the country would make the muskets used in battle to their own specifications.

The new queen insisted on standardisation, and so the bore caliver was introduced 30 Money bag with gold coins New Model Army musketeer, Battle of Naseby 1 Latchet shoes – straight lasted shoes, i. The NMA was the first to try and standardise equipment and equip its soldiers with a standard coat. At the time they only had two prongs 24 Spoon 25 Drinking vessel made from horn 26 Wooden bowl 27 Leather flask lined with pitch 28 Felted woollen hat, the paper in the hat band is a religious tract.

A lot of the soldiers of the New model Army were from the “low church” tradition, where sermons are the central feature of the service. It has white worsted woollen cap cords and tassels, a brass cap plate bearing a Coldstream star in the centre, a black leather cockade worn on the left hand side red and white feathered plume to indicate that the wearer is from a centre company. If the soldier was from the Grenadier Company he would wear a white plume and from the Light Company a Green plume 2 Fingerless woollen gloves 3 Soldiers red short coat bearing the rank of Corporal, it was lined with course linen and had Royal Blue facings, white worsted lace pewter buttons in two’s as is the custom for the Coldstream Guards.

On the top is a rolled Greatcoat and mess tins held in place by pipeclayed buff leather straps 8 Leather cartridge box which contained 60 rounds of pre-packed ball cartridge ammunition, it has a Coldstream Guards star fitted to it and was carried on the right hip by a pipeclayed buff leather shoulder belt.

It had an effective range of meters but was capable of firing to meters. The soldier would remove the cartridge from the cartridge box, bite off the end to release the powder, pour a small amount into the pan and the rest down the barrel. The now empty cartridge still attached to the musket ball would then be placed into the barrel as wadding and the ramrod used to ram it down. The musket would be cocked and was then ready to fire.

How Flintlock Guns Work

You are responsible for ensuring that what you do is within your capabilities and is safe and legal in your country. Most of the photos on this website are mine, a few are from other sources or are photographed from books. My photos are copyright — you are welcome to use them for your own purposes, but not for gain — please always attribute them to cablesfarm.

American Flints, saw cut, double edged Saw Cut Flints are American made. Cut on lapidary saws from hard gray-black Arkansas stone. Each piece has a flat upper and lower surface, with two edges for long life and extended use. We usually prefer English knapped flints, since they break along natural grain boundaries, and tend to be sharper, but some flint locks spark better with these cut flints.

Every archeologist knows that being able to identify the source material of any artifact, or the distribution of sources in any collection or assemblage, can be most valuable in providing additional cultural information on any find. After all, the individual stone artifact is often the only find that can be identified as to time period or cultural group. In addition to dating, these artifacts can often be typed on the basis of where their makers obtained the source material, how far it moved, who else might have used it, and what was needed to produce the artifacts themselves.

As an archeologist and as a flintworker with over twenty years of hands on expertise, I have decided to apply that knowledge to a brief listing of major flint sources in North America with which I am personally familiar, with the further view of helping others who might wish to make identifications in their own region of the movements and choices of particular chipped stone materials. This listing will by no means be a complete one, especially for those sources west of the Rocky Mountains with which the writer has little direct knowledge; but it will be fairly extensive in scope.

In addition to providing the basic source names and locations for many generally known stone quarry and other source materials, I will attempt to also provide a brief description of each stone type which might prove helpful as both an identification tool and as a guide to quality and workmanship potential–both subjects which I feel more than reasonably well-qualified to express.

We will begin our little journey of major flint sources in the eastern U. The diversity of flint Note: Obviously, it is well known that major flint seams run across many states in the Midwest and mid-south, and these are often given local names in individual states or regions. We will attempt to work through some of this commonality and stick with major source names for these continuous seams of layered chert types where they are encountered.

Most commonly found throughout eastern and central Pennsylvania into upstate New York and beyond.


Shooting is a lot of fun, whether it is for recreation, competition shooting, or to learn self-defense. Shooting may even save your life one day. As a proud carrier of a Concealed Carry Permit, learning to operate your firearm confidently in the event of an attack is critical.

On the Manufacture of Gun-flints, the Methods of Excavating for Fling, the Age o See more like this SPONSORED Tactical Paracord Rifle Gun Shotgun Sling 1 Point Compass & Flint CROCODILE.

Heritage Products is pleased to announce that we have recently established a working relationship with a highly-skilled stone cutter in the region of France traditionally renowned for the production of the finest French Amber Gun Flints in the country. This craftsman has dedicated his career to producing these exceptional gun flints in the exact same manner as was practiced in the 18th century when France had the highest reputation for producing the best and most sought after gun flints of all those available in the world.

The flints that we now bring to you, our customers, are identical in every way with those made more than years ago! These flints are in every way, a touchstone with antiquity! When you install one of these flints in your flintlock musket, fowler, rifle or pistol, you literally experience the same reaction that was understood by proficient shooters more than two centuries ago.

You will quickly realize that these flints are simply the finest available. By buying in volume, Heritage Products has been able to keep the prices of these prized gun flints to a reasonable amount.

Flintlock mechanism

Odysseus feasts with his grandfather and a group of uncles and then joins them for a hunt on the wooded slopes of Mount Parnassus. When the men and dogs flush a giant boar from his lair, Odysseus, though he is the youngest in the group, is the first to lunge for the beast with his spear. But the animal dodges the blow and gores the brave lad above his knee.

excavations introduce dating techniques and trade networks. Smith provided insight and analysis to the investigative work of his colleagues at Like-A-Fishhook Village / Fort Berthold (), analyzing Guide to the Gun and Flint Research and Comparative Collections Author: Admin.

The discoveries were made mostly by people using metal detectors. A total of 1, discoveries of gold or silver ornaments or coin collections and prehistoric metalwork – were made in England, Wales and Northern Ireland last year. The gold torc and other treasures were on display at a photocall at the British Museum in London The 82, discoveries were made mostly by people who were metal-detecting, according to the Portable Antiquities Scheme annual report launched at the British Museum.

More than a thousand discoveries of ‘treasure’ – such as gold or silver ornaments or coin collections and prehistoric metalwork – were made in England, Wales and Northern Ireland last year, the report reveals. The 1, finds included a Roman grave in Hertfordshire and a hoard of Viking Age objects and Anglo-Saxon coins in a field near Watlington, Oxfordshire.

Archaeological items, the majority of which were found on cultivated land where items can be at risk of damage from ploughing and corrosion, ranged from thousands of stone flints to a rare Bronze Age shield in Suffolk. It is decorated with swirling motifs set against bright red enamel and glass inlay and the hook at the top is moulded into an animal’s head. Other finds highlighted include an Anglo-Saxon hanging bowl mount from AD , found in West Sussex A large rare hoard of silver coin clippings and fragments from Gloucestershire are thought to have been buried around the time of the ‘great recoinage’ in , when all pre hand-struck coinage was recalled and turned into machine-struck coins.

The move produced a bout of ‘clipping’ – removing silver from the edge – of the old money, a criminal activity for which perpetrators faced the death penalty. The clippings found in Gloucestershire show the complete removal of the inscription from the coins, which include half-crowns, shillings and sixpences dating from to Finds reported through the Portable Antiquities Scheme revealed new archaeological sites including an English Civil War siege in Shropshire and a Roman villa in Wiltshire.

Part of a hoard of silver coin clippings dating from around the ‘s, found in Gloucestershire Tracey Crouch, Minister for Heritage, said:

Flint’s Man in Washington

This shot is described as British in origin by the author. Original patina, square bar. This shot has been in a old Colonial New York State collection. Shot marked on both ends. An extremely rare site of the Siege of Boston Scalloped flap, small wear hole in top right portion of flap, curved design to fit on waist.

Gun flints dating back to the 16th-century have been found at the stronghold of Clan Morrison on the Scottish island of Dùn Èistean. Surrounded by sheer cliffs, the island of Dùn Èistean is separated from Ness, at the northern tip of the Isle of Lewis, by a metre wide gap.

The team of researchers discovered skulls, teeth and long bones from at least five individuals – two adults, and three children. To date the fossils, the team used a thermoluminescence dating method on heated flints found in the same deposits. Steele sifted through hundreds of fossil bones and shells, identifying of them to species as well as recording cut marks and breaks indicating which ones had been food for humans.

Most of the animal bones came from gazelles. Among the other remains, Steele also identified hartebeests, wildebeests, zebras, buffalos, porcupines, hares, tortoises, freshwater molluscs, snakes and ostrich egg shells. Small game was a small percentage of the remains. Cuts and breaks on long bones indicate that humans broke them open, likely to eat the marrow, she said. Leopard, hyena and other predators’ fossils were among the finds, but Steele found little evidence that the nonhuman predators had gnawed on the gazelle and other prey.

These flints yielded an age of around , years ago.

Archaeologists discover earliest British gun flints on Clan island off coast of Scotland

History[ edit ] Flintlock firing mechanisms made their appearance in the 16th century in the form of the snaplock , the snaphance , the miquelet , and the doglock. The so-called true flintlock was developed in France in the early 17th century. Though its exact origins are not known, credit for the development of the true flintlock is usually given to Marin le Bourgeoys , [1] an artist, gunsmith, luthier, and inventor from Normandy, France.

On the Manufacture of Gun-flints, the Methods of Excavating for Flint, the Age o See more like this On the Manufacture of Gun-Flints, the Methods of Excavating for Flint, the Age o Brand New.

Third Weekend in September! The Kentucky or Pennsylvania Long Rifle was the most accuratelong-range gun for several decades. The first documented appearance of rifling was in Germany around The flintlock was developed in the early ‘s. By the late ‘s gunsmiths wereexperimenting with longer barrels than the forerunner Yaeger.

But it took the opening up of a newcontinent to bring out the best. Circa the forerunner of the KYlong rifles were being designed and built by German craftsman inPennsylvania. After the French and Indian War brought new lands to theattention of the frontiersmen, the uniquely American long-range rifleswere carried into the frontier at that time Kentucky by the longhunters, trappers and explorers.

Paul Nash at Tate Britain is one of the year’s essential exhibitions – review

The flintlock mechanism, like the pendulum clock mechanism , is amazing from an innovation standpoint. This single device solved so many of the problems of the time, and it did so using the fairly primitive tools and technology already available then. The flintlock was quite an accomplishment! The basic goal of the flintlock is simple:

Gun flints glittering like jewels We know that these men changed flints that morning because over years later, Concord resident and archeologist Benjamin Smith found many of those flints, resting in that same pasture, known today as the musterfield.

Hundreds of thousands of glass bottles have been recovered, and hundreds of thousands more This volume begins with an overview of bottle identification and dating, and a review of hand-production technology. After , the mechanization of glass bottle manufacture revolutionized the industry. New manufacturing techniques, including new finishes, closures, design, and labels, allowed producers to exponentially bring more variety and numbers of products and thus more bottles to the consumer.

This in turn greatly impacted the historical archaeo- logical record. For the archaeologist, the underlying theme of this volume is that more variety and number of consumer goods equals more potential for the understanding of everyday life. The society is specifically concerned with the identification, excavation, interpretation, and conservation of sites and materials on land and underwater.

Formed in , the Society for Historical Archaeology SHA is the largest scholarly group concerned with the archaeology of the modern world A. The main focus of the society is the era since the beginning of European exploration.

How I make gunflints by Paleoman52